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Behaviorism

The behaviorists argued that many contents of the mind were not open to scientific scrutiny and that scientific psychology should emphasize the study of observable behavior. Behaviorists focused on behavior-environment relations and analyzed overt and covert (i.e., private) behavior as a function of the organism interacting with its environment. Therefore, they often rejected or deemphasized dualistic explanations such as “mind” or “consciousness”; and, in lieu of probing an “unconscious mind” that underlies unawareness, they spoke of the “contingency-shaped behaviors” in which unawareness becomes outwardly manifest.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychology

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